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Who Created Bitcoin?

Who Created Bitcoin?

Learn what we know about the identity of the anonymous founder of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, and the potential reasons why they decided to remain undoxxed.

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Key Takeaways

  • Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin, remains unknown, and their identity is one of the most significant mysteries in the world of technology and finance.
  • Various theories exist regarding who created Bitcoin, but none have been conclusively proven, contributing to the enduring intrigue surrounding Bitcoin’s creator.
  • Bitcoin operates as a decentralised and community-driven project, with Nakamoto having withdrawn from public involvement in its development since 2010.


Bitcoin was created by an individual or group of individuals using the pseudonym ‘Satoshi Nakamoto’. The true identity of Satoshi Nakamoto remains unknown to this day, and it is one of the most significant mysteries in the world of technology and finance.

Satoshi Nakamoto first appeared as the author of a white paper titled ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’ in October 2008, outlining the concept of a decentralised digital currency and the underlying technology, blockchain. 

In January 2009, Nakamoto released the first Bitcoin software and mined the first block, known as the ‘genesis block’, on the Bitcoin network, marking the beginning of the Bitcoin blockchain.

Over time, Nakamoto communicated with early Bitcoin enthusiasts and developers through online forums and email; but by late 2010, Nakamoto had gradually faded from public discussions and eventually ceased all communications. 

Since then, various individuals have claimed to be Satoshi Nakamoto, but none have provided conclusive evidence to support their claims.

As a result, the true identity of Satoshi Nakamoto remains a mystery, and Bitcoin continues to operate as an open-source and decentralised digital currency without a central authority.

Who Is Satoshi Nakamoto?

Numerous efforts have been made to uncover Satoshi Nakamoto’s identity, and several individuals have claimed to be Nakamoto, but none of these claims have been definitively proven. The true identity of Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin, remains unknown. 

However, theories abound in the crypto space on Nakamoto’s true identity. Here are some of the famous theories and speculations:

Famous Cryptographers: Some believe that Satoshi Nakamoto is an individual who wanted to maintain their privacy. Candidates like Nick Szabo, a computer scientist and cryptographer, and Hal Finney, a cryptographic pioneer and the recipient of the first Bitcoin transaction, have been suggested as the possible Satoshi Nakamoto. However, both have denied being Nakamoto.

A Group of Developers: Another theory suggests that Satoshi Nakamoto is not a single person, but a group of developers who worked together to create Bitcoin. This idea is supported by the level of expertise and complexity of the Bitcoin software.

Dorian Nakamoto: In 2014, a Newsweek article claimed that Dorian Nakamoto, a Japanese-American engineer, was the real Satoshi Nakamoto. Dorian Nakamoto denied this claim and stated that he had no involvement with Bitcoin.

Craig Wright: Australian computer scientist Craig Wright has made repeated claims that he is Satoshi Nakamoto. However, these claims have been met with scepticism and have not been conclusively proven. Many in the cryptocurrency community do not consider him to be the real Satoshi Nakamoto.

Why Is Satoshi Nakamoto Trying to Keep Their Identity Anonymous?

While Satoshi Nakamoto’s reasons for remaining anonymous are ultimately unknown, they were possibly based on some of the following factors:

Privacy: Nakamoto may have valued personal privacy and wanted to protect their identity from the potential scrutiny and attention that would come with being the creator of a revolutionary financial system. 

Security: In a similar vein, revealing one’s identity in the early days of Bitcoin could have made Nakamoto a target. Maintaining anonymity provided an added layer of security for Nakamoto while developing this technology that is potentially disruptive to the global financial system.

Decentralisation: One of the core principles of Bitcoin is decentralisation, which means that no single entity or individual has control over the network. By remaining anonymous and stepping away from the project, Nakamoto ensured that Bitcoin would be a truly decentralised system, with no central figure claiming rights to authority or ownership.

Technology Focus: Nakamoto wanted the focus to be on the technology itself rather than on their identity. This allowed the Bitcoin community to evaluate and adopt the technology based on its merits and potential rather than influenced by the reputation or background of its creator.

While their true reasons are unknown so far, Satoshi Nakamoto’s decision to remain anonymous aligns with the ethos of decentralisation and the principles upon which Bitcoin was founded. It has contributed to the project’s resilience; security; and global, open-source, community-driven network rather than controlled by a single individual or entity.

Does Satoshi Nakamoto Own the Bitcoin Project?

No, Satoshi Nakamoto does not own the Bitcoin project, as Bitcoin is an open-source, decentralised digital currency and blockchain technology. While Nakamoto played a central role in creating and releasing the initial Bitcoin software and white paper, they designed Bitcoin to be a decentralised and community-driven project from the outset.

Rather than a single owner, institution, or corporation, ownership and development of the Bitcoin project are distributed amongst a global network of participants, including developers, miners, node operators, users, and various organisations and individuals who contribute to its maintenance and improvement. 

Nakamoto’s public involvement in the Bitcoin project likely ceased in April 2011. Since then, the Bitcoin community has continued to evolve and develop the project without direct input from Nakamoto.

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Does Satoshi Nakamoto Own BTC?

Nakamoto’s mining activity is documented in the early blocks of the Bitcoin blockchain and, while exact numbers are unknown, Arkham Intelligence assumes that Nakamoto owns 1.1 million BTC.

However, Nakamoto’s bitcoins have never been moved or spent. The bitcoins associated with Nakamoto have remained dormant in their original addresses since they withdrew from the project in 2010. Nakamoto’s holdings are often referred to as the ‘Satoshi coins’ and have become a symbol of Bitcoin’s scarcity and Nakamoto’s commitment to the project’s principles.

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Satoshi Nakamoto’s creation of Bitcoin was a revolutionary milestone in the world of finance, introducing the concept of a decentralised digital currency and blockchain technology. The true identity of the pseudonymous Nakamoto remains shrouded in mystery, and their decision to remain anonymous has added an air of intrigue to the world of cryptocurrency. 

While numerous theories and speculations have emerged regarding Nakamoto’s identity, no conclusive evidence has been presented to confirm it. The decision to remain anonymous was likely influenced by a desire for privacy, a commitment to security, and a dedication to the principles of decentralisation.

Due Diligence and Do Your Own Research

All examples listed in this article are for informational purposes only. You should not construe any such information or other material as legal, tax, investment, financial, cybersecurity, or other advice. Nothing contained herein shall constitute a solicitation, recommendation, endorsement, or offer by to invest, buy, or sell any coins, tokens, or other crypto assets. Returns on the buying and selling of crypto assets may be subject to tax, including capital gains tax, in your jurisdiction. 

Past performance is not a guarantee or predictor of future performance. The value of crypto assets can increase or decrease, and you could lose all or a substantial amount of your purchase price. When assessing a crypto asset, it’s essential for you to do your research and due diligence to make the best possible judgement, as any purchases shall be your sole responsibility.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that operates on distributed ledger technology called a blockchain and uses cryptography for security. It is decentralized and operates independently of a central bank.
Unlike traditional currencies, cryptocurrencies are not backed by a physical commodity or government, and their value is determined by market demand and supply. Cryptocurrencies can be used to buy goods and services, transfer funds, and trade in markets. Popular cryptocurrencies include Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and Cronos.
Many cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, are created through a process called mining, which involves solving complex mathematical equations to validate and record transactions on a blockchain. This mechanism is also called Proof of Work (PoW). Another consensus mechanism that has increased in popularity — as it is more energy efficient — is Proof of Stake (PoS). Instead of mining, PoS relies on network participants validating transactions. Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency, uses this consensus mechanism.
Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that operates on a peer-to-peer (P2P) network. It was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, and it has gained significant popularity and value since its creation.
Unlike traditional fiat currency, which is controlled by central banks and governments, Bitcoin operates independently of any central authority. Transactions are verified and recorded on the blockchain, which is a distributed ledger that maintains a permanent and transparent record of all transactions.
Bitcoin can be bought, sold, and exchanged on various cryptocurrency exchanges, and it can be used to purchase goods and services from merchants that accept Bitcoin as a form of payment. The supply of bitcoins is limited to 21 million units, and new bitcoins are created through mining, which involves using specialized computer hardware to solve complex mathematical equations.
Bitcoin is known for its high volatility, and its value can fluctuate rapidly in response to market conditions, news events, and other factors. Many traders, including institutional investors, see Bitcoin as a store of value and a way to participate in the growing cryptocurrency ecosystem.
There are several ways to buy cryptocurrencies, including:
  1. Brokerage services: Crypto brokers allow users to simply buy and sell cryptocurrencies. A popular example is the App, trusted by over 80 million users. It is available at the Apple Store and on Google Play.
  2. Cryptocurrency exchanges: These are online platforms where users can buy, sell, and trade cryptocurrencies using fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies. They offer more complex functions compared to a crypto brokerage, adding trading instruments like crypto derivatives. The Exchange is an example of a popular crypto exchange.
  3. Peer-to-peer (P2P) marketplaces: These are platforms where buyers and sellers can directly trade cryptocurrencies without the involvement of a third-party exchange. This is also known as DeFi, short for decentralized finance. Multiple P2P crypto marketplaces can be accessed all in one app via the DeFi Wallet.
It is important to perform proper research and choose a reputable platform to buy cryptocurrencies. For instance, holds the highest security rating in the industry. In addition, it is advisable to store cryptocurrencies securely in a wallet like the App or DeFi Wallet.
To buy crypto, follow these general steps:
  1. Choose a crypto platform to use, like the Exchange or App.
  2. Create an account on the chosen platform by providing personal information and ID verification, also known as ‘Know Your Customer’ (KYC) procedures.
  3. Deposit fiat currency or another cryptocurrency into the newly created account. The App supports bank transfers, credit cards, debit cards, and cryptocurrency transfers to buy crypto, depending on region.
  4. Navigate to the ‘Buy’ section of the Exchange or App and select the crypto to buy.
  5. Enter the amount of cryptocurrency to buy and confirm the transaction.
  6. The crypto will be deposited into the account. From here, it can be transferred to other crypto wallets or converted back to fiat currency and paid out to a bank account.
It is important to perform proper research and choose a reputable platform to buy cryptocurrencies. For instance, holds the highest security rating in the industry. In addition, it is advisable to store cryptocurrencies securely in a wallet like the App or DeFi Wallet.
Users can buy Bitcoin from a cryptocurrency exchange, a crypto brokerage service like the App, or a peer-to-peer (P2P) marketplace like those found in the DeFi Wallet. Here are some general steps to buying bitcoin from an exchange or brokerage service:
  1. Choose a reputable cryptocurrency platform that supports Bitcoin trading. Popular options include the App and the Exchange.
  2. Create an account on the chosen platform and complete the KYC verification process, which may require providing personal identification documents.
  3. Fund an account using a bank transfer, credit/debit card, or other cryptocurrency, depending on region.
  4. Navigate to the ‘Buy’ section of the platform and select Bitcoin as the cryptocurrency to buy.
  5. Enter the amount of bitcoin to buy, or the amount of fiat or cryptocurrency to spend.
  6. Review the transaction details and confirm the purchase.
  7. Once the transaction is complete, the bitcoin will be deposited into the chosen account. From here, the funds can be transferred to other crypto wallets or converted back to fiat currency and paid out to a bank account.
It is important to perform proper research and choose a reputable platform to buy cryptocurrencies. For instance, holds the highest security rating in the industry. In addition, it is advisable to store cryptocurrencies securely in a wallet like the App or DeFi Wallet.
To trade cryptocurrency, follow these general steps:
  1. Choose a cryptocurrency exchange that supports trading. A popular option is the Exchange.
  2. Create an account on the chosen platform and perform ID verification, known as KYC (‘Know Your Customer’).
  3. Deposit funds into the newly created account using a supported payment method. The Exchange supports bank transfers and credit/debit cards.
  4. Navigate to the trading section of the platform and select the cryptocurrency pair to trade.
  5. Choose whether to buy or sell the cryptocurrency, and enter the amount to trade.
  6. Set the preferred price and order type. There are several types of orders, including market orders, limit orders, stop orders, and crypto options, which allow users to buy or sell at a specific price or under certain conditions.
  7. Submit the trade order and wait for it to be executed. Depending on market conditions, the trade may be filled immediately, or it may take time to be filled.
  8. Monitor trades and adjust strategies as necessary.
Here is an introduction to trading on the Exchange.
It is crucial to note that trading cryptocurrency carries risk, and it is important to trade only what you can afford to lose.
There are several ways to earn cryptocurrency, including:
  1. Mining: Cryptocurrency mining involves using specialized computer hardware to solve complex mathematical equations that validate transactions on a blockchain network. Successful miners are rewarded with newly minted cryptocurrency for their efforts.
  2. Staking/Lockups: Staking and lockups involve holding or locking up a certain amount of cryptocurrency in a wallet or on a platform to support the operations of the blockchain network. Stakers are rewarded with new cryptocurrency as a form of interest for their support.
  3. Trading: Trading cryptocurrency involves buying and selling cryptocurrencies on exchanges or other trading platforms. Those who have a good understanding of market trends and are able to make informed trading decisions can earn profits through trading.
  4. Airdrops: Airdrops are free distributions of cryptocurrency to users who meet certain criteria or participate in promotional activities.
  5. Crypto Projects: Some blockchain projects offer rewards or bounties for users who contribute to their development or community. This can include activities like bug bounties, testing, or content creation.
It's important to note that each method of earning cryptocurrency carries its own risks and rewards. It is recommended to carefully research cryptocurrencies and understand the process before buying. Learn more about the crypto market at University.

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